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The unique environment, remoteness, lack of infrastructure, extreme climate and presence of ice create special challenges for operating in the Arctic environment.
The Arctic is one of the most challenging environments in which to operate. Technical challenges arise from the physical environment, such as extreme cold, remoteness, seasonal darkness, sea ice, and permafrost. The Arctic also presents extreme operational challenges deriving from unique aspects of biodiversity, indigenous peoples, and unpopulated wilderness, which drive strong social and environmental expectations.
In a world where energy needs are increasingly difficult to secure, the need to develop reserves in the Arctic region must be balanced with the responsibility to maintain the delicate environment and the region’s indigenous cultures.
STN works in cooperation with both Norwegian and international parties to develop Arctic technologies to further enhance A/S Norske Shell’s technical and environmental competence of working in this challenging area, and to share operational knowledge that the Norwegian industry will benefit from.
To be prepared for the challenges ahead, STN has established an environmental and social strategy, which thus far has focused on the Barents Region, Northern Norway and coastal areas as these areas present similar environmental challenges and technical difficulties to the Arctic, due to harsh weather conditions – cold climate, icing, darkness, strong currents and high waves. The main objective of the strategy is to develop technology and operational procedures that will allow A/S Norske Shell to operate in a sustainable manner.
STN’s Arctic portfolio is divided into three main areas concentrating on research and development of technology development, designed to specifically combat the technical challenges associated with cold and ice covered areas. The technology will be used in conjunction with standard developing technologies:
- Oil Spill Response in Ice – advance capability and make more robust for a greater range of spill and environmental conditions. Examples of projects we are/have been involved in include:
- Oil in Ice
- Ny Lense 2008
- Coastal and Shoreline Oil Spill Response
This project aims to improve the knowledge base concerning the effects of chemically dispersed oil, particularly in near-shore areas, provide recommendations for the use of chemical dispersants, and develop algorithms for oil spill models to implement optimum oil spill response strategies, both in Norway and internationally.
- OGP Arctic Response Technology
This project is coordinated via the Oil & Gas Producers (OGP), with participation by nine international oil and gas companies. The project focuses on research and technical development within the following areas:
- Dispersants use
- Environmental Effects
- Trajectory Modelling
- Remote Sensing
- Mechanical Recovery
- In situ Burning
- Experimental Field Release
- Footprint Reduction – reduce operational impacts and increase operational windows and sustainability. Examples of projects we are/have been involved in include: